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Saturday
Jan072017

Dead Sunflowers: Ghost Dance

"Dead Sunflowers: Sand Creek Massacre Site" 1864
From The Ghost Dance Project - copyright Quinn Jacobson​
Whole Plate Albumen print  from a Wet Collodion Negative 
Confrontation with White invaders of Arapaho territory intensified rapidly after the discovery of gold near Denver in 1858. Many bands traditionally wintered in the sheltered Denver/Boulder area. A treaty in 1861 attempted to remove the southern branch of the Tribe to a small area along the Arkansas River, but the treaty was never ratified by representatives of the Tribe. As conflict turned violent, a peaceful band of Arapaho and Cheyenne camped along Sand Creek in southeastern Colorado in 1864. They were attacked without warning, despite white flags of truce, and brutally massacred by Colorado militia. The Sand Creek Massacre touched off widespread conflict throughout 1864-65. Treaties were finally signed in 1867 and 1869 which resulted in the Southern Arapaho moving to west-central Oklahoma, where they remain to this day. 
From The Arapaho Project CU Boulder, Colorado